Land Preparation

Land Preparation

Land Preparation

  • Should be ploughed to allow root penetration and root filling.
  • Herbicides should be sprayed on weeds at least 3-4 weeks before planting, this gives time for weeds to dry up and the remains ploughed into the field.
  • Cassava can also be planted on ridges for good root penetration.

Plant in lines

  • Plant in lines for optimum plant population
  • Stem cuttings planted at a spacing of 1x1m give 4,000 plants per acre. When planted 80cmx100cm (by tractor planter), this gives a higher plant population of 5,000 plants per acre.

Manual Planting

  • Planting using hand hoe for smallholder farmers.
  • Place the stem cutting horizontally in the hole making sure most nodes face upwards.
  • Cover the stem cutting with soil and move to the next hole.

Mechanical Planting

  • Mechanical planting tends to optimize plant population, plants at a uniform depth and optimizes size of roots and yield.
  • Use cassava ridger to ridge the field.
  • Place 1m – 1.5m stem cuttings onto the tractor hopper.
  • The stems get cut into 15cm pieces and are planted into the holes and covered with soil.

Fertilizer; A farmer has to apply 6 to 8 tons of organic manure to 1 acre.

Intercropping

  • Cassava can be intercropped with beans
  • Intercropping should only be done in the first 3 months

Irrigation

  • Climate change is causing high temperatures and frequent long dry spells are being experienced in many farming areas.
  • Though it’s not a common practice, Irrigation can be applied in drought-prone areas.
  • Irrigation can be applied in cassava fields and this increases the yield of cassava.
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