Profit Margins on Orange Production

The orange has its origin in Southern China, Northern and East India and South East Asia. It is now universally grown in all of the six continents, in over 100 countries. The first introductions of oranges in Uganda were in 1900. The orange is a crop of economic importance and also a valuable source of Vitamin C. It can be made into juices, concentrates, marmalades, jams etc.

Gross margins per acre for citrus farmers under different production technologies.
Type of cost Production technology
High input Low input
Organic manure 440,000 380,000
Fertilizers 200,000 0
Herbicides 55,000 0
Pesticides 450,000 330,000
Fungicides 420,000 500,000
Transport from the garden 0 0
Fertilizers application 49,000 0
Weeding 320,000 291,000
Pesticides application 50,000 58,000
Harvesting 80,000 76,000
Packaging 0 0
Total Variable costs (UGX/acre) 2,064,000 1635,000
Unit price (UGX/acre) 45,000 40,000
Quantity sold per acre 220 180
Total revenue (UGX/acre) 9,900,000 7,200,000
Gross margin (UGX/acre) 7,836,000 5,565,000
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