Layer Chicken


Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are such a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old.

Characteristics of a good layer

  • Bright red comb and wattles
  • Alert eyes
  • Width between pelvic bones should measure at least 2 fingers
  • The beak and claws should look bleached
  • The cloaca should be moist

Management of Layers

  • Allow for good air circulation in laying house
  • Layer needs on average 120 gm of food per day
  • Distribute food troughs and water troughs evenly (one basin/50 birds)
  • Provide grit at 20 weeks
  • Laying nests must be kept in dark places, collect eggs 3 times a day, allow a nest/5 hens
  • Provide soft clean litter
  • Store eggs with small end down
  • Clean dirty eggs with steel wool/coarse leaves (never wash them)
  • Add greens to the diet and whenever possible vitamins to water
  • De-beaking at onset of lay
  • Culling when egg production drops below 40%
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